What is Kubernetes?

09 August 2022 /

Category : Academy ,Kubernetes

Tags : Kubernetes ,How does kubernetes work? ,K8s ,Master node ,Worker node

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Our full Kubernetes Tutorial series

Get up and running with your Kubernetes knowledge:

  1. What is Kubernetes?
  2. What is Kubernetes Monitoring?
  3. What is Kubernetes Management?
  4. What are Kubernetes secrets?
  5. What are Kubernetes pods?
  6. What is Kubernetes support?
  7. What is Enterprise Kubernetes?
  8. What is Kubernetes Orchestration?
  9. What is an Kubernetes Ingress?
  10. What is a Kubernetes Multi-Clustering?
  11. What is Kubernetes Hybrid Cloud?


  1. What is a container registry?
  2. What is Docker swarm?
  3. What is Virtualization?
  4. What is a software-defined data center?
  5. What is Kubernetes Orchestration?
  6. What is an Kubernetes Ingress?
  7. What is a Kubernetes Multi-Clustering?
  8. What is Kubernetes Hybrid Cloud?


  1. What is a container registry?
  2. What is Docker swarm?
  3. What is Virtualization?
  4. What is a software-defined data center?

Kubernetes is a system for managing containerized applications across a cluster of servers. It provides a number of features that make it well-suited for large-scale deployments, including:

  • Horizontal scaling: Kubernetes can easily scale up or down, depending on the needs of the application. This makes it ideal for applications that experience sudden spikes in traffic.
  • Self-healing: If a node in a Kubernetes cluster goes down, the system will automatically detect the failure and schedule the affected pods to be migrated to another node. This ensures that the application remains available even in the event of hardware failures.
  • Service discovery and load balancing: Kubernetes can automatically discover and load balance services across the cluster. This simplifies the process of setting up new services and reduces the overall complexity of the deployment.

Kubernetes is rapidly becoming the standard tool for managing large-scale deployments of containerized applications. Thanks to its robust feature set and ease of use, it is well suited for a wide variety of workloads.

How Does Kubernetes Work?

In a nutshell, Kubernetes is a tool for managing containerized applications at scale. It provides a way to automate the deployment, scaling, and management of applications running in containers. Kubernetes is often used in conjunction with Docker, an open-source container runtime.

Kubernetes is made up of a number of components, each of which plays a key role in its operation. The most important components are:

  1. The Master Node: The Master node is responsible for managing the Kubernetes cluster. It contains the cluster state and all of the control plane components.
  2. The Worker Nodes: Worker nodes are where your applications actually run. They are managed by the Master node and receive tasks from it.
  3. etcd: etcd is a key-value store that is used to store the Kubernetes cluster state.
  4. The Scheduler: The Scheduler is responsible for assigning pods to nodes. It takes into account factors such as resource utilization and node capacity when making decisions.
  5. The Controller Manager: The Controller Manager is a process that runs various controllers responsible for managing the state of the cluster. Examples of controllers include the Replication Controller, which ensures that the desired number of replicas of a pod is always running, and the Endpoints Controller, which populates the Endpoints object with information about pods that should receive traffic from a Service.

Why Use Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is a powerful container orchestration tool that can help you manage and deploy your applications more efficiently. Some of the benefits of using Kubernetes include:

  • Increased efficiency: With Kubernetes, you can automate the deployment and management of your applications, which can save you time and increase your productivity.
  • Greater flexibility: Kubernetes allows you to run your applications on any infrastructure, whether it’s on-premises or in the cloud.
  • Improved uptime: Kubernetes can help you achieve higher uptime for your applications by providing features such as self-healing and automatic rollbacks.
  • reduced costs: By using Kubernetes, you can reduce the costs associated with managing and deploying your applications.

As you can see, there are many benefits to using Kubernetes. If you’re looking for a tool to help you manage your applications more effectively, Kubernetes is a great option to consider.

Where Can I Run Kubernetes?

Kubernetes can be run on a variety of platforms, including public clouds, private clouds, and on-premises servers. Public cloud providers such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) all offer managed Kubernetes services. These providers take care of the underlying infrastructure and provide additional features such as autoscaling and monitoring. Private cloud platforms such as OpenStack and VMware vSphere can also be used to run Kubernetes.

And finally, Kubernetes can also be installed on Bare metal servers or virtual machines running Linux or Windows. In most cases, it is best to use a managed Kubernetes service from a public cloud provider, but the flexibility to run Kubernetes anywhere can be useful in certain circumstances.

Did you know, that you can get all this plus many more time-saving additions by using our EasyKube managed Kubernetes solution? Check it out now.

What Is A Kubernetes Cluster?

A Kubernetes cluster is a set of virtual machines (nodes) that run containerized applications. Kubernetes automates the installation, growth, and administration of containerized applications. For simple management and discovery, it divides the containers that make up an application into logical parts.

A Kubernetes cluster can be deployed on a cloud platform or on-premises. Each node in a Kubernetes cluster runs a process called kubelet, which manages the containers on that node. The nodes communicate with each other through a shared storage Volume.

A Kubernetes cluster also has a scheduler that assigns pods to nodes and a controller manager that tracks the state of the cluster and makes sure that the desired state is maintained.

In addition, there is an API server that exposes the API and allows users to interact with the cluster. A Kubernetes cluster can be used to manage both stateless and stateful applications. Stateless applications are those where the data is not stored on the nodes, such as web servers. Stateful applications are those where the data is stored on the nodes, such as database servers. Kubernetes clusters can also be used to manage hybrid applications that have both stateless and stateful components.

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What Is “Enterprise Kubernetes”?

When you hear the term “Kubernetes,” you might think of it as something related to container virtualization or perhaps as an open-source system for automating the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. However, “enterprise Kubernetes” is a term that is now being used to describe a new class of software that helps organizations manage their Kubernetes deployments at scale.

Enterprise Kubernetes platform providers offer a variety of features that can make it easier for organizations to deploy and manage Kubernetes clusters, including support for multiple cluster types (e.g., development, staging, production), integration with existing IT infrastructure (e.g., monitoring, logging, identity management), and tools for simplifying cluster administration. In addition, many enterprise Kubernetes platforms include features that are designed to make it easier for organizations to migrate their applications from traditional server-based environments to containers.

While there are a number of different enterprise Kubernetes platform providers to choose from, some of the more popular options include Red Hat OpenShift, VMware Pivotal Container Service (PKS), and Canonical Charmed Kubernetes. Each platform has its own unique set of features and pricing models, so it’s important to evaluate your organization’s specific needs before selecting a platform.

When used correctly, enterprise Kubernetes can be a powerful tool for managing large-scale container deployments. By taking advantage of the features offered by enterprise Kubernetes platforms, organizations can reduce the complexity of their deployments and gain greater control over their containerized environments.

How Do I Start Using Kubernetes?

Before you can start using Kubernetes, you need to meet a few conditions. Your Linux distribution must be running the kernel version that Kubernetes requires and support the features that Kubernetes needs. In addition, you’ll need to have a user account with sudo privileges as well as a text editor installed on your system. With that said, let’s take a look at the steps involved in setting up Kubernetes.

Kubernetes is comprised of a number of components, each of which can be installed separately. However, the easiest way to get started is to use a pre-packaged solution such as Minikube. Minikube is a single-node Kubernetes cluster that can be run on your local machine. To install Minikube, simply follow the instructions for your particular platform.

Once Minikube is up and running, you can start using Kubernetes. The first thing you’ll need to do is create a deployment. A deployment is a group of identical pods that are used to expose an application or service. To create a deployment, you’ll use the kubectl create command. This command will take care of creating the necessary pods as well as setting up networking and storage for your application.

Now that your deployment is created, you can access your application by creating a service. A service is an abstraction that defines a set of pods and exposes them to clients. You can create a service by using the kubectl expose command. This command will take care of creating the necessary load balancer and routing rules for your service.

With that, you’re now ready to start using Kubernetes!

Next Article: What is Kubernetes Monitoring, and how will it help me reduce downtime and spot errors?

Are you interested in a fully managed Kubernetes?

Our fully managed Kubernetes saves you a lot of time setting up volumes, networking and more, starting at $12.99/month, all hosted in Germany! Visit EasyKube

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